This Act called as the Right to Information Act’2005 extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. This Act of Parliament was published in Gazette of India Extraordinary on 21st June ’2005.
Some Important Definitions:
1.Information [Section 2(f)]:
Information means any material in any form, including records, documents, memos, e-mails, opinions, advices, press releases, circulars, orders, logbooks, contracts, reports, papers, samples, models, data material held in any electronic form and information relating to any private body which can be accessed by a public authority under any other law for the time being in force.
2. Record [Section 2(i)]:
(a) Any document, manuscript and file;
(b) Any microfilm, microfiche and facsimile copy of a document;
(c) Any reproduction of image or images embodied in such microfilm (Whether enlarged or not)
(d) Any other material produced by a computer or any other device.
3. Right to Information [Section 2(j)]:
Right to Information means the right to information accessible under this Act which is held by or under the control of any public authority and includes the right to �
(i) Inspection of work, documents, records;
(ii) Taking notes, extracts or certified copies of documents or records;
(iii) Taking certified samples of material;
(iv) Obtaining information in the form of diskettes, floppies, tapes, video cassettes or in any other electronic mode or through printouts where such information is stored in a computer or in any other device.
4. Public Authority [Section 2(h)]:
Public Authority means any authority or body or institution of self- government established or constituted�
(a) By or under the Constitution;
(b) By any other law made by Parliament;
(c) By any other law made by State Legislature;
(d) By notification issued or order made by the appropriate Government,
and includes any�
(i) Body owned, controlled or substantially financed;
(ii) Non-Government organisation substantially financed, directly or indirectly by funds provided by the appropriate Government;
5. Request for obtaining information (Section 6): A person, who desires to obtain any information under this Act, shall make a request in writing, accompanying fee as enumerated in the Right to Information (Regulation of Fee and Cost) Rules, 2005.
6. Exemption from disclosure of information : Sub-section (1) of Section 8 enumerates the type of information which is exempt from disclosure.
7. Appeal: If an applicant had not been supplied information within the prescribed time limit or not satisfied with the information furnished, may prefer an appeal to the First Appellate Authority.
The other contents of the RTI Act’2005 with subsequent amendments issued by DoPT from time to time may be gone through.